National University Corporation Shizuoka University
Start crowdfunding to unravel the basis of cooperation from BBQ ―Cognitive science research that realizes connections with sports science and biology―
A research group led by Assistant Professor Jun Ichikawa of the Faculty of Informatics, Shizuoka University asked, “Why is that group doing so well? I would like to inform you that we have started crowdfunding in order to proceed with research that scientifically explains from the analysis of familiar social activities in response to the simple question “.
The purpose of this research is to statistically examine the characteristics of successful groups from field measurements of familiar social activities. This time, we will focus on how to deal with problems using BBQ as a theme. It’s hard to go perfectly, and volatile environments and unexpected events can help you bounce back from a situation that was about to take a turn for the worse. From realistic quantitative data, it may be possible to provide hints for successful groups that are easy to feel, such as “role placement of the right person in the right place” and “need for a leader according to the situation.”
Exploratory research for challenging initiatives, and because it is difficult to spend with ordinary research expenses such as procurement of equipment and ingredients, try crowdfunding to secure a budget that can be used flexibly. I decided to Thank you for your support. [Outline of crowdfunding]
Project title: Elucidating the basis of cooperativeness from BBQ! Page URL: https://academist-cf.com/projects/279
Target amount: 600,000 yen (All or Nothing format)
Recruitment period: January 25, 2023 (Wednesday) 10:00 to March 23 (Thursday) 17:00
Use of funds: Procurement of equipment and ingredients, rewards for part-time workers who cooperated in preparatory work for analysis, English proofreading and publication costs for paper submission, etc. [Image 2
In this research, we aim to statistically examine the characteristics of successful groups by not only conducting field measurements of familiar social activities and recording tools, individual positions, and conversations, but also conducting a questionnaire survey. At that time, we will focus on how to deal with problems. It’s hard to go perfectly, and volatile environments and unexpected events can help you bounce back from a situation that was about to take a turn for the worse.
This time, we focused on BBQ as a familiar social activity. BBQ is prone to problems such as the charcoal not igniting, and in order to have a fun meal in a limited time such as lunch, there is a division of labor naturally and it is necessary to understand the surrounding situation. While “division of labor”, “understanding the surrounding situation”, and “coping with troubles” are similar to group sports, the environment is natural and the roles are undecided, and the individual has a higher degree of freedom and quotas are not always clear. BBQ is an interesting subject for academic study of
Yugo Takeuchi (Professor, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shizuoka University) Masatoshi Yamada (Associate Professor, Faculty of Business Administration, Tokoha University)
Keisuke Fujii (Associate Professor, Graduate School of Informatics, Nagoya University), Takatake Sakamoto (Assistant Professor, Education Center, Shizuoka University)
In your daily life, you may have experienced things that you thought you could do with this member but didn’t go well, or that the progress of yourself and the group next to you are different. Our research group will clarify the mechanism of cooperation that cannot be explained only by years of experience from the perspective of division of labor and interaction.
In cognitive science, it has been suggested that role sharing, taking turns, and acquiring the perspective of others through these are important for cooperation [Hayashi+07; Shirouzu+02]. However, the focus is on thinking using desktop test tasks, and physical
interaction is not sufficiently considered. In addition, in the main approaches of cognitive science such as laboratory experiments and ethnography, there is a trade-off between quantitative verification that is easy to explain scientifically and the reality of the situation, so we try to clear the problem with field measurements. [Hayashi+07] Hayashi, Miwa, Morita, Experimental Study on Cooperative Problem Solving from Different Perspectives, Cognitive Science, 2007 [Shirouzu+02] Shirouzu, Miyake, & Masukawa, Cognitively active externalization for situated reflection, 2002
[Future prospects and ripple effects]
About 10 groups of 4 or 5 people will observe the process of BBQ activities such as setting up, cooking, eating, and cleaning up. In addition, we will conduct a questionnaire survey to look back on the activities. Annotations on troubles and the roles of each member are added by referring to the conversations and actions from the video of the ground shooting. Then, we set hypotheses about the division of labor and interactions of the group that responded that they were able to cook in a short time or that they had fun doing the activity in a questionnaire. After that, the hypothesis is verified by analyzing the movement of the group from the time-series data of the position of the tools and individuals acquired in the bird’s-eye view video. Successful groups may have the characteristic that they delegate to each other in normal times, and a presence like a leader dynamically allocates roles only in trouble. There is a possibility that it can be captured from the distance of the group related to the trouble and the index that expresses the degree of panic.
By analyzing group movements like sports science and biology, and discussing the division of labor and interaction in association with conversations and questionnaires, it is expected that connections with cognitive science and psychology will be realized and cooperative research will develop. increase.
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